SCS Home Study Course: Chapter 4

Blood-borne Pathogens and Other Hematological Considerations in the Athlete


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Daniel S. Lorenz, DPT, PT, LAT, CSCS

Sports Medicine Specialist

Providence Medical Center, Kansas City, KS



I.    Blood-Borne Pathogen Transmission

      a. Universal precautions

      b. Personal protective equipment (PPE)

II.   Post-Exposure Plan

      a. Vaccination

      b. Hepatitis B (HBV)

      c. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

III.  Policy Regulations/Blood-Borne Pathogens


      a. Work practice controls

      b. Engineering controls

      c. Sharps management/containers

IV.  Hematological Concerns in the Athlete

      a. Anemia in athletes

      b. Sickle cell disease

      c. Blood doping and erythropoietin (EPO)

      d. Paget-Schroetter syndrome



1. Describe different forms of transmission of blood-borne pathogens.

2. Discuss salient differences between HBV and HIV infection.

3. Review and understand basic policies and regulations regarding standard precautions with blood-borne pathogens.

4. Appreciate the effect of sickle cell anemia on athletic performance.

5. Cite usage of protective equipment when dealing with blood-borne pathogens. 


The completion of this course does not guarantee that the purchaser will pass the SCS examination.