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Systematic Review

A Systematic Review of Outcome Tools Used to Measure Lower Leg Conditions.

Authors: Shultz S, Olszewski A, Ramsey O, Schmitz M, Wyatt V, Cook C 

A variety of self-report and physical performance-based outcome measures are commonly used to assess progress and recovery in the lower leg, ankle, and foot. A requisite attribute of any outcome measure is its ability to detect change in a condition, a construct known as "responsiveness". There is a lack of consistency in how responsiveness is defined in all outcome measures. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to review the currently used recovery outcome measures for lower leg, ankle and foot conditions in order to determine and report recommended responsiveness values. Based on the findings of this systematic review there is a lack of consistency for reporting responsiveness among recovery measures used in the lower leg, ankle or foot studies. It is possible that the variability of conditions that involve the lower leg, ankle and foot contribute to the discrepancies found in reporting responsiveness values. Further research must be conducted in order to standardize reporting measures for responsiveness.

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