SCS Home Study Course: Chapter 10

Medical Conditions


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John DeWitt, PT, DPT, SCS, AT

Assistant Clinical Professor, Division of Physical Therapy

The Ohio State University

Team Leader, Rehabilitation, OSU Sports Medicine

The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio



By the completion of this chapter, the therapist will be able to:

• Understand the epidemiologic and etiologic considerations of common medical conditions affecting athletes.

• Review evaluation techniques to appropriately assess non-musculoskeletal conditions and determine need for referral.

• Discuss effective evidence-based treatment strategies to maximize outcomes of athletes’ and patients’ systemic conditions.

• Analyze risk and return to play considerations of athletes with potentially life-threatening conditions.

• Review the role of the sports physical therapist in managing physiological and psychological issues of athletes with medical conditions.



I.   Introduction

II.  Cardiac Conditions

     a. Congenital heart disease

         i.  Cardiac myopathy

         ii.  Valve disorders

         iii. Structural disorders

III.  Respiratory Conditions

       a. Exercise induced bronchospasm (EIB) 

       b. Exercise induced asthma (EIA)

       c. Vocal cord dysfunction

IV.   Metabolic Conditions

       a. Diabetes

          i.  Type I

          ii. Type II

       b. Metabolic disorder

       c. Thyroid disorders

V.    Genetic Conditions

       a. Marfan's syndrome

       b.  Ehler-Danlos syndrome

VI.  Neurologic Conditions

       a. Epilepsy/Seizures

VII. Autoimmune Conditions

       a. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

The completion of this course does not guarantee that the purchaser will pass the SCS examination.