Original Research

Relationship Between Functional Movement Screening Score and History of injury

Authors: Letafatkar A, Hadadnezhad M

The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a screening instrument that evaluates selective fundamental movement patterns. The main aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the FMS™ score and history of injury, and attempt to determine which active students are prone to injury. The researchers looked at 100 subjects, of which 35 suffered an acute lower extremity (ankle=20, knee=15) injury in practice or competition. An odds ratio was calculated at 4.70, meaning that an athlete had an approximately 4.7 times greater chance of suffering a lower extremity injury during a regular competitive season if they scored less than 17 on the FMS™. There were additional statistical differences between the pre-season FMS™ scores of the injured and non-injured groups, the ankle injury, knee injury, and non-injured groups, and also between contact injury, non-contact injury, and non-injured groups. This cross-sectional study provides FMS™ reference values for physically active students, which will assist in the interpretation of individual scores when screening athletes for musculoskeletal injury and performance factors. The authors conclude that more research is necessary prior to implementing the FMS™ into a pre-participation physical examination (PPE), but due to the low cost and simplicity of implementation, the FMS™ could be considered as a part of the PPE.  

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