Original Research

Breathing Pattern Disorders and Functional Movement

Authors:  Bradley H, Esformes J

Normal breathing mechanics play a key role in posture and spinal stabilization. Breathing Pattern Disorders (BPD) have been shown to contribute to pain and motor control deficits, which can result in dysfunctional movement patterns. The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) has been shown to accurately predict injury in individuals who demonstrate poor movement patterns. The role BPD play on functional movement is not well established.  Furthermore, there is currently no single test utilized to clinically diagnose BPD.  A variety of methods are used, but correlations between them are poor. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between BPD and functional movement and identify correlations between different measures of BPD. The results demonstrated the importance of diaphragmatic breathing on functional movement. Inefficient breathing could result in muscular imbalance, motor control alterations, and physiological adaptations that are capable of modifying movement. These findings provide evidence for the need for improved breathing evaluations by clinicians.

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